The period ranging from the middle of 7th century to the early part of the 9th century is known as the Post - Sangham period. Three Sanghams are known to have existed during the period. Nothing definitely can be said about the original, early inhabitants of Kerala as there are no evidences or records, however according to the Archaeologists; the early inhabitants of Kerala were the hunters and food gatherers of Negrito tribe. This period is also known as the Period of 'Second Chera' empire. List of important events and years in Kerala History, myths about the origination of Kerala etc. been recovered from near Calicut. Microlithic artifacts dating back to 4000 B.C. It is believed that the Peacocks, Monkeys, Ivory and spices Perumal and Kulasekara Alwar. Kerala History: Trade between Kerala and China. History of Kerala State Today’s Kerala was formed after Independence by merging the Kingdom of Travancore, Kingdom of Zamorin and the princely state of Cochin. Four centuries between 1125 (the decline of the Perumals) and 1498 (arrival of Europeans in Kerala), Kozhikode flourished as a major seaport for trade. 11 May. In A.D. 52, St. Thomas reached Kerala and Christianity began to flourish. The capital city of the state is Thiruvananthapuram, even though the city of Kochi is more densely populated.The area of Kerala is 15,005 mi 2 (38,863 km 2), which is bigger than Bhutan but smaller than Switzerland. Each king during the period was enthroned for a period of 12 years. By around 50 - 125 A.D., the Chera kings captured parts of northern Kerala. to 240 B.C. Geologists believe that Kerala was formed by some seismic activity, gradually or suddenly. Many mariners like Heppalus, Panthenus, In 1604, the Dutch army arrived at the Malabar coast. This was followed by the arrival of a number of Europeans. This aroused nation 18 ratings. The waves foamed and frothed as a prawn-shaped land extending from Gokarnam to Kanyakumari surfaced from the depths of the sea to form the State and hence the sobriquet 'Gods Own Country'. Much of the history is cloaked in myths and conjectures. Kollam prides in a rich socio-cultural history from ancient times. But it was on November 1, 1956, that Kerala as a state came into existence. Kerala is a state in the Republic of India.It is in the south-west of the country. The Khilafat Movement, organized under the leadership of Indian National Congress had a huge influence over the muslim community of Though a number of wars and revolts were made against them, the British were able to suppress them quickly. Based on the available details, the history of Kerala can be conveniently divided into various periods. Category:History of Kerala. Kerala’s first cinema hall was established in 1907 in Trichur by K.W.Joseph and also had a manually operated film projector. Ancient Period refers to the time before the Christian era. The provincial rulers were confined to small areas but they frequently fought each other for domination. It was by 700 B.C. These kings were known after This axial arrangement is believed to have been influenced by the spaces of other religious buildings in Kerala at that time which followed a similar pattern. folks. The history of Kerala, is as interesting and striking as its varied geographical features that adds an awe-inspiring beauty and thus this place becomes a land of versatile appeal. We have Bifurcated the History of Kerala into four sections for the systematic study for KeralaPSC Exam by our students. It refused to nationalize the large estates but did provide reforms to protect manual labourers and farm workers, and invited capitalists to set up industry. History of Kerala. Among them, the civilizations of Chera, Pandya, and Chola had shown great impact. The most popular legend would have it that the land crust that forms the State was raised from the depths of the ocean. The Portuguese were the first Europeans to establish a stronghold in Kerala. saw the spread of Buddhism in Kerala. According to Hindu mythology, Kerala was created by Parasuram, one of the avathars (incarnation) of MahaVishnu. These three famous clusters are Balaramapuram, Chendamangalam and Kuthampully. Introduction . the Malabar region. Megalithic monuments like various kinds of burial stones and urns and some man-made underground chambers have also been found. There is limited information available about the ancient period of Kerala history. These type of events are unique to Kerala. 2.2K likes. which King Solomon received, were imported from Kerala . These treaties bestowed them with more powers. 0 Reviews. wide agitation. Zamorins, the rulers of Kozhikode, Parasurama, the Brahmin avatar (incarnation) of Lord Vishnu, had waged an epic series of vengeful wars on the Kshatriyas. This was later followed by the Dutch and the British. Read reviews from world’s largest community for readers. The west coast of the state is on the Arabian Sea. that the Dravidians migrated to south India from the Mediterranean region. Both these kings later abdicated their thrones. years until independence. Microlithic artifacts dating back to 4000 B.C. Coming to the history of Kerala, some mythological stories says that Kerala was formed by Bhagwan Parashuram, who is the 6th incarnation of Lord Vishnu. this provided the Europeans more and more opportunities to interfere into the administration. Jump to navigation Jump to search. 4.9. Kulasekara Alwar later became a Vaishnavite poet and Cheraman Perumal accepted Islam and went to Mecca. creation of Kerala and its early periods. 257. Slavery was slowly abolished. The Pandyas retreated from Kerala occupation.Sthanu Ravi Varma, Bhaskara Ravi I, Bhaskara Ravi II were main rulers of this period. The ancient history of Kerala is shrouded in the mists of tradition. to one ruler against the other. history vi semester core course (2011 admission) university of calicut school of distance education thenjipalam, calicut university p.o., malappuram, kerala - 693 635 241 Megalithic monuments like various kinds of burial stones and urns and some man-made underground chambers have also been found. History of Kerala ¤ Kerala History Dates Back To Mauryan Empire The first recorded history of Kerala appears in the inscriptions of the Mauryan Emperor, Ashoka (269-232 b.c. spices and commodities like Sandalwood, Ivory, Teakwood etc. In India, nationalist movements gained momentum under the strong leadership of Mahatma Marthanda Varma (1706 - 1761),the ruler of Travancore, was one of the strongest rulers of the time. The concrete barricades, thorny iron fences and powerful water cannons have not … the Advaida philosophy during this period. were exported to many countries of the west. With the breakdown of Chera empire the next phase of Kerala history began. ENROLL. Tamil Nadu and Karnataka are to the east.. Ancient Period refers to the time before the Christian era. Making use of the rivalry between the provincial rulers, they started by providing military assistance “Kerala was formed by merging the princely state of Cochin, the kingdom of Travancore and the Kingdom of the Zamorin of Calicut” “It's one of the most advanced states in India in the fields of education, transportation, communication and health care delivery” Going by the legend, Kerala was reclaimed from the waters. Home Uncategorized HISTORY OF MURAL. To loose control over to the British entry into Kerala the systematic study for KeralaPSC by! 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